Tolerances of plants to drought and salinity in the western United States

  • 16 Pages
  • 0.85 MB
  • English
Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Books and Open-File Reports Section , Sacramento, Calif, Denver, CO
Plants -- Drought tolerance., Plants -- Effect of salt on., Botany -- West (U
Statementby Farrel A. Branson, Reuben F. Miller, and Stephen K. Sorenson.
SeriesWater-resources investigations report -- 88-4070
ContributionsMiller, Reuben F. 1922-., Sorenson, Stephen K., Geological Survey (U.S.)
The Physical Object
Paginationiv, 16 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17091377M


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Miller, and Stephen K. Sorenson ABSTRACT Differing capacities of plant species to tolerate drought and salinity are causative factors for presence of species and communities in various habitats. ItCited by: 3. Drought and Salt Tolerance in Plants Article (PDF Available) in Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 24(1) February with 6, Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Drought Stress Tolerance in Plants, Vol 1 the authors and the editors are safe to assume that the advice and information in this book. such as drought, salinity, extreme temperatures. Tolerance of plants to abiotic stressors such as drought and salinity is triggered by complex multicomponent signaling pathways to restore cellular homeostasis and promote survival.

Major plant. Barley, being one of the most tolerant cereal crops for drought and salinity, possesses tremendous potential as an ideal model crop for drought and salinity tolerance.

Wild barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. spontaneum or ssp. agriocrithum) was demonstrated as a key genetic resource for the tolerance to both by: 5. Plant tolerance to drought and salinity: stress regulating transcription factors and their functional significance in the cellular transcriptional network.

Golldack D(1), Lüking I, Yang O. Author information: (1)Department of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants, Faculty of Biology, Bielefeld University,Bielefeld, Germany. dortje Cited by: Tolerance of five riparian plants from the lower Colorado River to salinity drought and inundation.

of salinity on establishment of Populus fremontii (cottonwood) and Tamarix ramosissima (saltcedar) in southwestern United States.

Great Basin Naturalist, 55 (), pp. Cited by: Molecular studies of drought stress in plants use a variety of strategies and include different species subjected to a wide range of water deficits.

Initial research has by necessity been largely descriptive, and relevant genes have been identified either by reference to physiological evidence or by differential screening. A large number of genes with a potential role in drought tolerance have Cited by:   Genetically engineered drought- and salt-tolerant plants could provide an avenue to the reclamation of farmlands lost to agriculture because of salinity and a lack of rainfall.

Salt- and drought-tolerant plants maintain their turgor at low water potentials by increasing the number of solute molecules in the cell (1 – 3).Cited by: has moderate to good tolerance of alkaline conditions (pH = ).

Salinity tolerance ranges from 1 to 16 mmhos/cm depending on environmental conditions and ecotype. It is surpassed in this trait only by tall wheatgrass. It is less drought tolerant than either crested or western wheatgrass and may succumb to drought. In woody species, high soil salinity may lead to leaf burn and defoliation.

High salinity causes alfalfa yield to decrease while the leaf-to-stem ratio increases, influencing forage quality. Grasses also appear dark green and stunted with leaf burn symptoms. Salinity tolerance is influenced by many plant, soil. Tolerances of plants to drought and salinity in the western United States.

Sacramento, Calif.: Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey ; Denver, CO: Books and Open-File Reports Section, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource.

Salt tolerance may vary considerably with genetic traits. A plant species’ tolerance for salinity will be overridden by a sudden exposure to salinity, even if the species is a halophyte (Albert, ).

Different adaptive mechanisms may be involved in gradual acclimation to salinity Cited by: Purchase Plant Responses to Drought and Salinity stress, Volume 57 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNVegetable crops are defined as herbaceous species grown for human consumption in which the edible portions consist of leaves, roots, hypocotyls, stems, petioles, and flower buds.

The salt tolerance of vegetable species is important because the cash value of vegetables File Size: KB. Transcription Factors for Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants highlights advances in the understanding of the regulatory network that impacts plant health and production, providing important insights for improving plant resistance.

Plant production worldwide is suffering serious losses due to widespread abiotic stresses increasing as a result of global climate Edition: 1. There were interspecific differences in salt-tolerance.

Sonneratia alba grew in salinities ranging from fresh water to sea water, with growth being maximal in 5 to 50% sea water. salinity tolerance QTLs are segment of genetic material, in the genome of an organism linked with a particular trait.

Salt stress tolerance is a complex trait, so the QTLs related with salt tolerance have significant role in understanding the stress response and generating stress-tolerant plants (Gorantla et.

Over the last couple of decades, drought has plagued much of the western United States and northern Mexico. Scientists have predicted that climate change is pushing the region toward an unprecedented long-term drought. This book presents current research on abiotic stresses including extreme temperature variance, drought, hypoxia, salinity, heavy metal, nutrient deficiency and toxicity stresses.

Going further, it identifies a variety of approaches to alleviate the damaging effects and improving the stress tolerance of. native shrubs on rangelands in the western United States including the Intermountain, Great Basin, and Great Plains regions. Its natural range extends from below sea level to above 8, feet elevation.

For current distribution, consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site. AdaptationFile Size: 84KB. Engineering drought and salt tolerance in plants | WeatherFarm more. Plants lacking ERA1 activity have increased tolerance to drought, however are also severely compromised in yield.

In order to have a conditional, reversible down-regulation of ABA, a group of Canadian researchers used a drought-inducible promoter to drive the antisense expression of ERA1, in both Arabidopsis and canola plants of drought and salinity on cultivated land.

Currently, 50% of all irrigation schemes are affected by salinity. Nutrient distur-bances under both drought and salinity reduce plant growth by affecting the availability, transport, and partitioning of nutri-ents.

Details Tolerances of plants to drought and salinity in the western United States PDF

However, drought and salinity can differentially affect the mineral nutrition of Size: KB. not perform well in the western United States. The plants were poorly adapted and had low forage yields. Newer varieties from Russia and Turkey however are better suited to western climates and perform similarly to alfalfa.

(Baldridge and Lohmiller ). Overexpression of TaWRKY10 Enhances Drought and Salt Tolerance in Transgenic Tobacco Plants. To characterize the performance of TaWRKY10 transgenic lines under drought and salt stress in soil, all three TG lines, and the controls, were tested at the seedling stage.

Comparing with the control plants under normal conditions, the TG tobacco plants Cited by: Photo courtesy of Kika de la Garza Plant Materials Center. Alternate Names bunchgrass, finetop salt grass. Uses Livestock: Alkali sacaton is good forage for horses and cattle in the far western United States in arid or semiarid regions.

Wildlife: This plant is a source of food for deer, small. Approaches for Enhancing Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants - CRC Press Book Plants are frequently exposed to unfavorable and adverse environmental conditions known as abiotic stressors. These factors can include salinity, drought, heat, cold, flooding, heavy metals, and UV radiation which pose serious threats to the sustainability of crop yields.

Description Tolerances of plants to drought and salinity in the western United States EPUB

As with the first edition, Plant Abiotic Stress will have broad appeal to scientists in fields of applied agriculture, ecology, plant sciences, and biology.

Author Bios Matthew A. Jenks is Leader of the Plant Physiology and Genetics Research Unit at the Arid-Land Agricultural Research Center for the United States Department of Agriculture. Soils: Broadleaf cattail tolerates many soil textures, nutrient levels, moisture regimes, and pH levels.

Descriptions of soil types as well and flooding, drought, and salinity tolerances are described below. Texture, pH, and fertility: Sand, silt, loam, and clay substrates are described in broadleaf cattail habitats.

Acid to basic soils with low or high levels of nutrients are tolerated. Plants were grown in soil under different salinity levels (, and dS m(-1)).

In saline soil, mycorrhizal colonization was higher at, and dS m-1 salinity levels in AM-inoculated plants, which decreased as salinity levels further increased ( dS m-1). Mycorrhizal plants maintained greater root and shoot biomass at.DROUGHT TIP Crop Salt Tolerance Soil salinity is an important stress affecting irrigated crops in many areas of California.

This stress is often exacerbated during drought years. Over time, salts can accumulate in the soils as crops extract water, leaving the salts behind in File Size: 1MB.Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed Introduction “Conservation landscaping” refers to landscaping with specific goals of reducing pollution and improving the local environment.

In the Chesapeake Bay watershed (the land that drains to the.